|Country Number (63)||1988||THIRD WAVE|
|Television commenced||31 January 1968|
|Colour System||15 March 1984||PAL|
|TV Sets||1987||5.01 million|
Television Stations / Channels
Turkey began its television service in January 1968.
There is just one television station: Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT). This station operated two channels.
Colour transmissions commenced on 15 March 1984, using the PAL colour broadcast system.
The principal language of Turkey is Turkish. Imported foreign television programmes were dubbed.
DOCTOR WHO IN TURKEY (DOKTOR WHO / DR KIM)
Turkey is (we estimate) the 63rd country to screen Doctor Who (see Selling Doctor Who.)
PETER CUSHING Movies
The second of the two Peter Cushing Dalek movies screened in Turkey under the title "Daleks Fezadan Saldiranlar 2150 Yili".
Turkey is not named in any of our main BBC Records sources.
On 13 January 1980, in his article "Welcome Back Dr Who", Gary Lee wrote that "In Turkey, they think of it as a comedy show..."
Just over a year later, someone who had seen and remembered Lee's article wrote to DWM (issue #52, cover dated May 1981), declaring: "Turkey has had the Doctor Who series for many years now but apparently the show goes out over there under the banner of "comedy"".
Given the 13 January 1980 publication date of Lee's item, any broadcasts in Turkey would have been by no later than 1979.
Colour broadcasts did not commence in Turkey until 1984, so any episodes of Doctor Who Lee claims to have occurred would have been in black and white.
BBC sales documentation (see DWM #445) indicates that Spearhead from Space, Doctor Who and the Silurians and The Ambassadors of Death were sold to Turkey by November 1977, but these sales were all subsequently "cancelled" two months later, in January 1978.
It's possible that the episodes referred to were therefore Tom Baker stories (after all, Tom Baker could be considered funny). But we have not been able to find any listings for the series from 1977 to 1981, which suggest the series did not screen. However, the newspapers for that period did often have a non-descript "Program for Children", which may have been Doctor Who…
Doctor Who did later screen in 1988; this places the sale over a year after the 1987 listing from The Eighties was compiled which is why Turkey is not recorded there.
Of course, given that he also claims that "Shada" is airing in the UK "on Saturday", Lee might have completely made up the claim that Doctor Who had aired in Turkey...
Publisher Remzi Kitabevi of Istanbul released seven of the early Hartnell, Troughton and Pertwee Target novelisations in 1975. They used the same artwork as that adorning the Target novels. These were released under the name "DOKTOR KIM":
- DOKTOR KIM VE DALEKLER (The Daleks) (The Daleks)
- DOKTOR KIM VE SIBERMENLER (The Cybermen) (The Moonbase)
- DOKTOR KIM VE KORKUNÇ KARADAMLARI (The Scary Snow Priests) (The Abominable Snowmen)
- DOKTOR KIM VE OTONLAR (The Autons) (Spearhead from Space)
- DOKTOR KIM VE GIZLI SILAH (The Secret Weapon) (Colony in Space)
- DOKTOR KIM VE DALEK BASKINI (The Dalek Attack) (Day of the Daleks)
- DOKTOR KIM VE PELADON GEZEGENI (The Peladon Planet) (The Curse of Peladon)
Doktor Kim ve Dalek Baskini, as an example, has the following points of interest:
- The Turkish equivalent of "EXTERMINATE!" is "ONLARI YOK EDIN!"
- The head of UNIT gets a promotion to: General Alasteyr Lethbric-Stüvirt
- The Doktor is a Zaman Lordlari
- The Daleks have ape-like servants called Ogronlar
Stories bought and broadcast
Four stories, 14 episodes:
|4A||Robot||4||Gizli Silah||Secret Weapon|
|4B||The Sontaran Experiment||2|
|4C||The Ark in Space||4|
|4D||Revenge of the Cybermen||4|
The series would have been supplied as PAL colour video tapes with English soundtracks, that were later dubbed into Turkish.
If any episodes did air in the late 1970s (per the Observer and DWM), we have not been able to find any listings. Turkish newspapers have been checked for 1977 to 1981, but no direct billings for Doctor Who (or its Turkish equivalents) could be found.
TV listings often just had generic billings such as a half-hour "Program for Children", such as the example at right.
The series did air on TRT's second channel - Program 2 in 1988; it commenced on Thursday, 9 June 1988, at 7.35pm.
Four weeks later, from 9 July, the series shifted to Saturdays. The final episode aired on 17 September 1988. The newspaper actually accounts for 15 listings for the series; presumably one of the episodes, 30 June or 9 July was pre-empted.
Thirteen of the billed episodes aired at 7.35pm; two aired at the slightly earlier time of 7.30pm.
The series aired – as was usual for foreign broadcasters – in production order, as per the table above. The printed synopsis for the first story mentions a "robotu", the second featured "Santrallers", the third was set on a "satellite", and the fourth had "Saybirmenler" and "Vogans".
There is no clear record that Turkey screened Doctor Who again.
More recent Classic series books - translated and published in Turkey by Ithaki Yayinlari - include:
- DOCTOR WHO - 11 DOKTOR, 11 ÖYKÜ (the 2013 short-story collection 11 Doctors, 11 Stories)
- SHADA (March 2014)
- ÖLÜM ŞEHRI (City of Death) (December 2016)
|← AIRDATES ...... (CLICK ICON TO GO TO TABLE SHOWING EPISODE BREAKDOWN AND AIRDATES - N/S = story title is Not Stated)|
Newspapers for 1977 to 1981 have been checked, and no listings for Doctor Who or its Turkish equivalent have been found, which possibly puts lie to the claim that the series played in Turkey as a "comedy" for "many years".
Some papers had generic "Program for Children" billings, which doesn't help!
The 1988 TV listings have come from Gazete Arsiv. (These are viewable online at GAZETE ARSIV. (It's free but you have to register to access the pages.)
The listings used several different ways of billing with "Dr Who", "Doktor Who" or "Dr Kim" used as the series title. ("Dr Kim" was also the title used for the 1975 Turkish novelisations – see above.)
Some of the Sunday editions also had full TV listings for the week, and these generally always contained full synopses (in Turkish) for the upcoming episodes, whereas the daily billings only sometimes had a plot description or nothing at all in the way of descriptive text.
The second and fourth episode billings are for "Gizli Silah", which translates as "Secret Weapon"; although this shares the same title as the novelisation of Colony in Space, this serial was definitely Robot rather than that 1971 Pertwee serial.
Apart from those two instances, no other episode titles were given, however it is possible to translate the synopses to determine what the story was.
For the 23 July episode, the synopsis contains the word "Santrallar", which translates as "power plants" (as in nuclear power plants), however this might simply be an attempt to find an equivalent for "Sontaran"!
For the final episode of the run, the synopsis contains the words "Saybirmenler, Voga'yi". For the novelisation of The Moonbase, "Cybermen" became "Sibermenler", whereas for this Revenge of the Cybermen listing they became "Saybirmenler".
We also accessed the English language paper, Turkish Daily News. While the dates - and time slots (mostly) - match those in the Gazete Arsiv, the News did not give any story titles and merely listed the episode by number – eg "Dr Who," serial, episode two", etc.
Like the Gazete the News lists episodes on the two dates where there must have been a pre-emption (30 June, 9 July), but more interestingly, it also has a billing for an episode on 24 September 1988, listed as "Doctor Who," serial episode, 16". Since the titles of 14 episodes have established, and there is no allowance for a fourth 4-parter, this 16th listing must have been a printing error on the part of the News rather than an indication that 16 episodes (and therefore four 4-parters) aired. (The Gazete lists a chess match as airing on that day in that slot.)
- This bizarre YouTube clip isn't from Turkey (it has often been mislabelled as being such online), it is actually a spoof, made in 2012 by UK filmmaker Christopher Poole. We've included it here because... well, why not!
Turkey in Doctor Who
- In The Crusade, Leicester says "The Devil's Horde, Saracen and Turk, possess Jerusalem".
- The Trojan War was in Asia Minor, which is now Turkey (The Myth Makers).
- The Trojan War is mentioned in The Ark.
- Kemel (played by Sonny Caldinez) was a wrestler from Turkey (The Evil of the Daleks).
- There was a T-MAT terminal in Izmir (The Seeds of Death).
- The Doctor thought he might have been wounded at Gallipoli (The Sea Devils).
- The Brigadier was impressed with the muscular-control of Music Hall "Turkish delight of the East", belly-dancer, Scheherezade (Planet of the Spiders).
- The Doctor acquired a hookah pipe from a Cash N Carry in Constantinople (The Deadly Assassin).
- The Doctor mentions Troy in The Stones of Blood.
- The Doctor tells Drax that Troy is a little place in Asia Minor in The Armageddon Factor.
- The Rani visited the Trojan War during her travels (The Mark of the Rani).
- And it was in Turkey that actor Roger Delgado (the Master) was tragically killed, on 18 June 1973.